Osteopenia is another bone condition characterized by weakened bones and low bone mineral density, however not low enough to be labeled as osteoporosis. Similar to osteoporosis, age, gender, pre-existing family history of the condition, diet, hormone levels, and lifestyle are all risk factors for osteopenia. If osteopenia remains untreated or changes to lifestyle and diet are not made, osteopenia can progress into osteoporosis. With osteopenia the bones are thinned. With osteoporosis there are microscopic pores in the bones that are created. Osteoporosis is the more severe form of osteopenia.